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Posters: 3Rs: Replace, Reduce, Refine - Minimising Impact & Reducing Numbers

The pharmaceutical sector continue to be involved in a number of initiatives, which affirm the key principles of the 3Rs (Reducing the number of animals used, Refining experiments to minimize the impact on animals, and Replacing animal experiments wherever possible with alternatives) or change the current research paradigm (such as the Innovative Medicines Initiative). Science, technology and research practice evolve every day and bring new tools to address scientific questions differently.



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